The Badgurjar is one of the most ancient Suryvanshi Rajput tribes of India. They are among the most revered rajputs of ancient India. The Badgurjar, or the “Great Gurjars”, are not to be confused with the common place shudra gujjars as the former are the authentic rulers and the people whom they conquered were labeled as gujjar. They constituted the main force in Haraval Tukdi or the first line of offence in any battle. The Badgujars chose to die rather than to submit to the supremacy of the Muslim kings. Many bargujars were put to death for not giving their daughters to Muslim rulers. Some Badgujars changed their clan name to Sikarwar to escape mass genocide carried out against them.
A colony found refuge in present day Anupshahar, which was founded by Raja Anup Singh Bargujar, the eldest son of Raja Pratap Singh Bardbujjar. They built numerous monuments, including the famous Nilkanth temple now in the Sariska Tiger Reserve; the fort and Neelkanth Mahadev Temple at Kalinjar being Shiva Worshipers; the Amber Fort, many other palaces and forts at Alwar, Machari, Sawai Madhopur; and the fort of Dausa. Neelkanth was the old capital of the Bargujar tribe, its old name is Rajor or Rajor Garh. One of their famous kings was Raja Pratap Singh Bargujar, who was Prithviraj Chauhan’s nephew and assisted in his fight against the Muslim invaders, who were led by Muhammad of Ghor in 1191. They also fought on the side of Rana Pratap) of Mewar and Maharana Hammir as their generals. One of them, Raja Nune Shah Bardbujjar of the Samthar state, fought with the British and pushed back their forces many times but later signed a peace treaty with the British in 1817.
The Badgurjars are not to be confused with the Hepthalites, or Huns, as they came only towards the 6th century. One branch of Bardbujjars, Raja Bagh Singh Bargujar was the founder of ‘Rajor’ their ancient capital in Vikrami Samvat 202 which corresponds to A.D.145, the difference being 57 years. The place was also referred to as ‘Baghola’. He also built a lake near Sileser Lake in the same year and when it was dug up red water flowed from it, which was called Kanganoon.